Biathlon / Olympic Games

10 Km Sprint (1980- ) Combined Pursuit (2002- ) 15 Km Mass Start (2006- )
20 Km Individual (1960- ) Team Relay (1968- ) Mixed Relay (2014- )
Medal Table   Individual Table

MEN

Biathlon is a combination of cross-country skiing and rifle shooting. Competitors may use either the classical or skating method of skiing. They are restricted to .22-caliber small-bore rifles. Automatic or semi-automatic rifles are not allowed. The rifle with all accessories except the magazine and ammunition must weigh at least 3.5 kilograms (7.7 pounds). All targets are set at a distance of 50 meters. The prone target is 4.5 centimeters (1 3/4 inches) in diameter; the standing target is 11.5 centimeters (4 1/2 inches) in diameter. In individual races, competitors start at 30-second intervals and race against the clock. Biathlon races may not be held if the air temperature is colder than -20º Celsius (-4º Fahrenheit).
- 0, 1, 2... means missed targets.

10 km sprint top

Each contestant stops twice during the course, once after 3.75 kilometers to shoot five shots prone and once after 7.5 kilometers to shoot five shots standing. Each missed target is penalized by forcing the skier to ski a 150-meter penalty loop.

Year Gold CNT Mark Silver CNT Mark Bronze CNT Mark
2014 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -1 NOR 24:33.5 Dominik Landertinger -0 AUT 24:34.8 Jaroslav Soukup -0 CZE 24:39.2
2010 Vincent Jay -0 FRA 24:07.8 Emil Hegle Svendsen -1 NOR 24:20.0 Jakov Fak -0 CRO 24:21.8
2006 Sven Fischer -0 GER 26:11.6 Halvard Hanevold -0 NOR 26:19.8 Frode Andresen -1 NOR 26:31.3
2002 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -0 NOR 24:51.3 Sven Fischer -1 GER 25:20.2 Wolfgang Perner -0 AUT 25:44.4
1998 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -0 NOR 27:16.2 Frode Andresen -1 NOR 28:17.8 Ville Raikkonen -1 FIN 28:21.7
1994 Sergey Chepikov -0 RUS 28:07.0 Ricco Gross -0 GER 28:13.0 Sergey Tarasov -1 RUS 28:27.4
1992 Mark Kirchner -0 GER 26:02.3 Ricco Gross -1 GER 26:18.0 Harri Eloranta -0 FIN 26:26.6
1988 Frank-Peter Rotsch -1 GDR 25:08.1 Valeriy Medvedtsev -0 URS 25:23.7 Sergey Chepikov -0 URS 25:29.4
1984 Eirik Kvalfoss -2 NOR 30:53.8 Peter Angerer -1 FRG 31:02.4 Matthias Jacob -0 GDR 31:10.5
1980 Frank Ullrich -2 GDR 32:10.6 Vladimir Alikin-0 URS 32:53.1 Anatoliy Alyabyev -1 URS 33:09.1

COMBINED PURSUIT (10 km + 12.5 km pursuit) top

The 10-kilometer race also serves as the first part of the combined Pursuit. The top 60 finishers in the 10 kilometers qualify for the second part, which is a 12.5-kilometer race. Starting times for the second race are based on the results of the first, with the winner starting first and the others taking the course based on the exact margin that they trailed the winner of the 10 kilometers. In the pursuit half, competitors stop four times and fire five shots, the first two times prone and the last two times standing. Each miss is penalizad with a 150-meter penalty loop. This event was held for the first time in 2002.

Year Gold CNT Mark Silver CNT Mark Bronze CNT Mark
2014 Martin Fourcade -1 FRA 33:48.6 Ondrej Moravec -0 CZE +14.1 Jean Guillaume Beatrix -1 FRA +24.2
2010 Bjorn Ferry -1 SWE 33:38.4 Christoph Sumann -2 AUT +16.5 Vincent Jay -2 FRA +28.2
2006 Vincent Defrasne -2 FRA 35:20.2 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -3 NOR +2.7 Sven Fischer -4 GER +15.6
2002 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -2 NOR 32:34.6 Raphael Poiree - 1 FRA +43.0 Ricco Gross -2 GER +56.0

15 km mass start top

The 15 kilometers is a mass start race. Competitors stop four times and fire five shots, the first two times prone and the last two times standing. Each miss is penalizad with a 150-meter penalty loop. This event was held for the first time in 2006.

Year Gold CNT Mark Silver CNT Mark Bronze CNT Mark
2014 Emil Hegle Svendsen -0 NOR 42:29.1 Martin Fourcade -1 FRA +0.0 Ondrej Moravec CZE +13.8
2010 Evgeny Ustyugov -0 RUS 35:35.7 Martin Fourcade -3 FRA +10.5 Pavol Hurajt -0 SVK +16.6
2006 Michael Greis -1 GER 47:20.0 Tomasz Sikora -1 POL +6.3 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -3 NOR +12.3

20 km individual top

Each skier stops four times; twice to take five shots prone and twice to take five shots standing. The prone stops are at 5 and 12.5 kilometers; the standing at 8.75 and 17.5. In 1960 and 1964 each missed target incurred a two-minute penalty. In 1968 the penalty was reduced to one minute.

Year Gold CNT Mark Silver CNT Mark Bronze CNT Mark
2014 Martin Fourcade +1 FRA 49:31.7 Erik Lesser -0 GER 49:43.9 Evgeniy Garanichev -1 RUS 50:06.2
2010 Emil Hegle Svendsen -1 NOR 48:22.5 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -2 (NOR) & Sergey Novikov -0 (BLR) - 48:32.0 - - -
2006 Michael Greis -1 GER 54:23.0 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -2 NOR 54:39.0 Halvard Hanevold -2 NOR 53:31.9
2002 Ole Einar Bjorndalen -2 NOR 51:03.3 Frank Luck -0 GER 51:39.4 Viktor Maigurov -1 RUS 51:40.6
1998 Halvard Hanevold -1 NOR 56:16.4 Pier Alberto Carrara -0 ITA 56:21.9 Aleksey Aidarov -1 BLR 56:45.5
1994 Sergey Tarasov -3 RUS 57:25.3 Frank Luck -3 GER 57:28.7 Sven Fischer -0 GER 57:41.9
1992 Yevgeniy Redkin -0 URS 57:34.4 Mark Kirchner -3 GER 57:40.8 Mikael Lofgren -2 SWE 57:59.4
1988 Frank-Peter Rotsch -3 GDR 56:33.3 Valeriy Medvedtsev -2 URS 56:54.6 Johann Passler -2 ITA 57:10.1
1984 Peter Angerer -2 FRG 1h11:52.7 Frank-Peter Rotsch -3 GDR 1h13:21.4 Eirik Kvalfoss -5 NOR 1h14:02.4
1980 Anatoliy Alyabyev -0 URS 1h08:16.3 Frank Ullrich -3 GDR 1h08:27.7 Eberhard Rosch -2 GDR 1h11:11.7
1976 Nikolay Kruglov -2 URS 1h14:12.2 Heikki Ikola -2 FIN 1h15:54.1 Aleksandr Yelizarov -3 URS 1h16:05.5
1972 Magnar Solberg -2 NOR 1h15:55.5 Hansjorg Knauthe -1 GDR 1h16:07.6 Lars-Goran Arwidson -2 SWE 1h16:27.0
1968 Magnar Solberg -0 NOR 1h13:45.9 Aleksandr Tikhonov -2 URS 1h14:40.4 Vladimir Gundartsev -2 URS 1h18:27.4
1964 Vladimir Melanin -0 URS 1h20:26.8 Aleksandr Privalov -0 URS 1h23:42.5 Olav Jordet -1 NOR 1h24:38.8
1960 Klas Lestander -0 SWE 1h33:21.6 Antti Tyrvainen -2 FIN 1h33:57.7 Aleksandr Privalov -3 URS 1h34:54.2

TEAM RELAY (4x7.5 km) top

Each skier shoots twice, once prone and once standing, and has eight shots to make five hits. However, only five rounds can be loaded into the magazine. The three extra must be hand-loaded one at a time. For each miss beyond three, the skier has to ski a penalty loop of 150 meters. In the biathlon relay all teams start at the same time. Handovers, made by the incoming and outgoing skiers touching, are performed in a zone 30 meters (33 yards) long and 8 meters (26 feet) wide.

Year Gold CNT Mark Silver CNT Mark Bronze CNT Mark
2014 Alexey Volkov, Evgeny Ustyugov, Dmitry Malyshko, Anton Shipulin RUS 1h12:15.9/ -0+8 Erik Lesser, Daniel Boehm, Arnd Pfeiffer, Simon Schempp GER 1h12:19.4/ -0+2 Christoph Sumann, Daniel Mesotitsch, Simon Eder, Dominik Landertinger AUT 1h12:45.7/ -0+7
2010 Halvard Hanevold, Tarjei Bo, Emil Hegle Svendsen, Ole Einar Bjorndalen NOR 1h21:38.1/ -0+7 Simon Eder, Daniel Mesotitsch, Dominik Landertinger, Christoph Sumann AUT 1h22:16.7/ -1+8 Ivan Tcherezov, Anton Shipulin, Maxim Tchoudov, Evgeny Ustyugov RUS 1h22:16.9/ -0+4
2006 Ricco Gross, Michael Roesch, Sven Fischer, Michael Greis GER 1h21:51.5/ -1+8 Ivan Tcherezov, Sergei Tchepikov, Pavel Tostovtsev, Nikolay Kruglov RUS 1h22:12.4/ -0+6 Julien Robert, Vincent Defrasne, Ferreol Cannard, Raphael Poiree FRA 1h22:35.1/ -0+6
2002 Halvard Hanevold, Frode Andresen, Egil Gjelland, Ole Einar Bjorndalen NOR 1h23:42.3/ -0+8 Ricco Gross, Peter Sendel, Sven Fischer, Frank Luck GER 1h24:27.6/ -1+9 Gilles Marguet, Vincent Defrasne, Julien Robert, Raphael Poiree FRA 1h24:36.6/ -0+6
1998 Ricco Gross, Peter Sendel, Sven Fischer, Frank Luck GER 1h19:43.3/ -0 Egil Gjelland, Halvard Hanevold, Dag Bjorndalen, Ole Einar Bjorndalen NOR 1h20:03.4/ -0 Pavel Muslimov, Vladimir Orachev, Sergei Tarasov, Viktor Maigurov RUS 1h20:19.4/ -0
1994 Ricco Gross, Frank Luck, Mark Kirchner, Sven Fischer GER 1h30:22.1/ -0 Valery Kirienko, Vladimir Dratchev, Sergei Tarasov, Sergei Chepikov RUS 1h31:23.6/ -2 Thierry Dusserre, Patrice Bailly-Salins, Lionel Laurent, Herve Flandin FRA 1h32:31.3/ -1
1992 Ricco Gross, Jens Steinigen, Mark Kirchner, Friedrich Fischer GER 1h24:43.5/ -0 Valery Medvedtsev, Aleksandr Popov, Valery Kirienko, Sergei Chepikov URS 1h25:06.3/ -0 Ulf Johansson, Leif Andersson, Tord Wiksten, Mikael Lofgren SWE 1h25:38.2/ -0
1988 Dmitri Vasilyev, Sergei Chepikov, Aleksandr Popov, Valery Medvedtsev URS 1h22:30.0/ -0 Ernst Reiter, Stefan Hock, Peter Angerer, Friedrich Fischer FRG 1h23:37.4/ -0 Werner Kiem, Gottlieb Taschier, Johann Passier, Andreas Zingerle ITA 1h23:51.5/ -0
1984 Dmitri Vasilyev, Yuri Kashkarov, Algimantas Salna, Sergei Buligin URS 1h38:51.7/ -2 Odd Lirhus, Eirik Kvalfoss, Rolf Storsveen, Kjell Sobak NOR 1h39:03.9/ -2 Ernst Reiter, Walter Pichler, Peter Angerer, Friedrich Fischer FRG 1h39:05.1/ -1
1980 VladimirAlikin, Aleksandr Tikhonov, Vladimir Barnashov, Anatoly Alyabyev URS 1h34:03.2/ -0 Mathias Jung, Klaus Siebert, Frank Ullrich, Eberhard Rosch GDR 1h34:56.9/ -3 Franz Bernreiter, Hans Estner, Peter Angerer, Gerd Winkler FRG 1h37:30.2/ -2
1976 Aleksandr Yelizarov, Ivan Biakov, Nikolai Kruglov, Aleksandr Tikhonov URS 1h57:55.6/ -0 Henrik Flojt, Esko Saira, Juhani Suutarinen, Heikki Ikola FIN 2h01:45.5/ -2 Karl-Heinz Menz, Frank Ullrich, Manfred Beer, Manfred Geyer GDR 2h04:08.6/ -5
1972 Aleksandr Tikhonov, Rinnat Safine, Ivan Biakov, Victor Mamatov URS 1h51:44.9/ -3 Esko Saira, Juhani Suutarinen, Heikki Ikola, Mauri Roppanen FIN 1h54:37.2/ -3 Hansjorg Knauthe, Joachim Meischner, Dieter Speer, Horst Koschka GDR 1h54:57.6/ -4
1968 Aleksandr Tikhonov, Nikolai Pusanov, Victor Mamatov, Vladimir Gundartsev URS 2h13:02.4/ -2 Ola Waerhang, Olav Jordet, Magnar Soiberg, Jon Istad NOR 2h14:50.2/ -5 Lars-Goran Arwidsson, Tore Eriksson, Olle Petrusson, Holmfrid Olsson SWE 2h17:26.3/ -0

MIXED

MIXED RELAY (2x6km Women + 2x7.5km Men) top

Mixed Relay is a mass-start team event consisting of 2 women and 2 men. The two female team members ski a distance of 6 km and then the two male team members ski a distance of 7.5 km with 2 bouts of shooting at a distance of 2 and 4 kilometres respectively. As in the other relays, each skier shoots twice, once prone and once standing, and has eight shots to make five hits. However, only five rounds can be loaded into the magazine. The three extra must be hand-loaded one at a time. For each miss beyond three, there is a penalty loop of 150 meters. This event was held for the first time in 2014.

Year Gold CNT Mark Silver CNT Mark Bronze CNT Mark
2014 Tora Berger, Tiril Eckhoff, Ole Einar Bjoerndalen, Emil Hegle Svendsen NOR 1h:09:17.0 -0+2 Veronika Vitkova, Gabriela Soukalova, Jaroslav Soukup, Ondrej Moravec CZE 1h09:49.6 -0+7 Dorothea Wierer, Karin Oberhofer, Dominik Windisch, Lukas Hofer ITA 1h10:15.2 -0+6

Medal Table top

Mixed Relay NOT included

Ps Country CNT GD SV BZ TOT
1. Norway NOR 13 9 5 27
2. Soviet Union URS 10 6 5 21
3. Germany GER 8 9 3 20
4. France FRA 4 3 5 12
5. Russia RUS 4 2 5 11
6. East Germany GDR 3 4 4 11
7. Sweden SWE 2 0 4 6
8. West Germany FRG 1 2 2 5
9. Finland FIN 0 4 2 6
10. Austria AUT 0 3 2 5
11. Czech Republic CZE 0 1 2 3
. Italy ITA 0 1 2 3
13. Belarus BLR 0 1 1 2
14. Poland POL 0 1 0 1
15. Croatia CRO 0 0 1 1
. Slovaki SVK 0 0 1 1
 
16 TOTALS   45 46 44 135

Individual Medal Table top

Mixed Relay IS included

Ps Name GD SV BZ Medal Details
1. Ole Einar Bjorndalen, NOR 8 4 1 98: 10; 02: 10-PS-20-RL; 10: RL; 14: 10-MX // 98: RL; 06: PS-20; 10: 20= // 06: 15
2. Ricco Gross, GER 4 3 1 RL: 92-94-98-06 // 92: 10; 94: 10; 02: RL // 02: PS
3. Sven Fischer, GER 4 2 2 10: 06; RL: 94-98-06 // 02: 10-RL // 20: 94; CM: 06
4. Aleksandr Tikhonov, URS 4 1 - RL: 68-72-76-80 // 68: 20 // None
. Emil Hegle Svendsen, NOR 4 1 - 10: 20-RL; 14: 15-RL // 10: 10 // None
6. Mark Kirchner, GER 3 1 - 92: RL-10; 94: RL // 92: 20 // None
7. Michael Greis, GER 3 - - 06: 15-20-RL // None // None

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